@8FDA.ADF IBM XGA-2 Display Adapter/A
C8FDA.ADF Init file for @8FDA.ADF
192-228 IBM PS/2 XGA-2 Display Adapter/A
194-255 Multimedia Products MXGA Display Device Driver
July 1995 Enhanced 16-Bit Direct Color for Natural Images
XGA/XGA-2 Option v2.2 Updated XGAANI and XGAPNI.DGS
Dosdpmv.exe APM disk for DOS 5.02+ and Windows 3.1.
XGA206 Windows 95/98 XGA-2 Display Driver by Unal Z
XGA208 Windows 95/98 XGA-2 Display Driver by Unal Z
A.072 OS2 Warp 3/4, XGA/2, Rev 9.29, 1-14-98 (XGA2 640x480/800x600 64k)
"Seems to have added a lot more DMQS monitor files too. All dated 10-9-97"
Thanks to Dennis Smith for this find...
39G3310 XGA-2 BIOS ver 3.00 28-08-92
TMS27PC256-20FML 32Kx8 PROM PLCC-32
xgademo.zip XGA Demonstration v1.2 (easy install version by "Retro Erik")
(created by Mike O'Hara of Analyst International Corporation, 1992)
41G3324 PS2 Hardware Maint Library Suppl XGA-2 Display Adapter Sep92
PC Graphics Handbook
Intro to XGA (INMOS)
INMOS XGA Software Programmer's Guide, Sep 91
INMOS Graphics Databook, 2nd Ed, 1990
INMOS G190 XGA Serializer Palette DAC 6-bit (XGA?)
INMOS G191 XGA Serializer Palette DAC 8-bit (XGA-2)
INMOS G200 XGA Display Controller
XGA-2 utilities by Unal Z
IBM XGA Files includes XGA212.exe (DMQS and WfW3.11)
XGA-2 Setup under DOS and Windows (by Peter Wendt)
XGA/XGA2 Driver Disk v2.12 (ftp, DEAD)
Resolutions and modes:
XGA/XGA-2 tech support supplemental (ftp, DEAD)
XGA-2 Display Adapter/A - Monitor Compatibility (archive.org)
DMQS Monitor Settings
XGA-2 Display Adapter/A
Pumping Up the XGA-2?
2MB XGA-2 Sightings
Features of XGA/XGA-2
132 Column Text Mode
Extended Graphics Mode
Direct Color Mode
Multiple XGA-2 Adapter Support MXGA, where are you?
Components of XGA-2
PS/2 Interface Controller
Memory and Cathode-Ray-Tube Controller
Video Display Buffer
Serializer, Digital-to-Analog Convertor, and Palette
Video Configuration Under Setup
Video I/O Address
Video ROM Address Space
1MB Aperture Under Setup
Slots XGA-2 Can Use in Model 90
Installing XGA-2 On Model 95
Blank Screen Under W95 MS-DOS Mode
XGA2 Error Codes
XGA-2 Display Adapter/A FRU P/N 87F4774, FCC ID ANO87F4773
Same FRU for units with Heatsink and Plain Ceramic RAMDAC.
J1 Solder pads for 2-pin header
J2 HDD15 video connector
U1 39G3309 Video BIOS
U2 02G1397 XGA-2 controller
U6 33G0329 or 89G2928 RAMDAC
U7 32Kx8 SRAM
U8,11,14,15,18,19,32,33 256Kx4 DRAM
Y1 4.000 MHz xtal
J1 Solder pads for a 2-pin jumper. What
could this jumper affect? Tell Us!
U1 Video BIOS - Dated 05/94 on the blue
U6 RAMDAC - 33G0329 (ceramic IHS) or 89G2928
(blue resin, exposed die).
Sony CXK58257AM-10L, or compatible
32Kx8 SRAM (sprite/attribute buffer)
U8,11,14,15,18,19,32,33 256Kx4 Multiport
DRAM. Either OKI MSM514262-80Z or
NEC µPD42274V-10 should work
Found THIS after a 9577 Strip-A-Thon. The wire
comes off pin 5 of U20, then it winds it's way over to pin 178 (I think!) of U2.
I might be wrong (again?) but I haven't seen much rework on an XGA-2 adapter.
The 74F245 in the picture is an 8-bit bus buffer... therefore
I think they jump-wired a bad connection on the XGA2 board only. I have checked
all my XGA-2s and none (so far) has this connection. Haven't tested in depth
if there is a connection between the points at all normally.
To which I say - Why would they do a rework on one freakin XGA-2
card? If you are cranking out hundreds of thousands of XGA-2 cards, why rework
one? Point- how many XGA-2 cards have you ever seen with ANY rework? I have
this ONE card. (theme from The X-Files)
From Tomáš Slavotínek:
Pin 5 of U20 (74F245) is connected to a via that is right next
to U15 and then goes to pin 179 of the main IC (U2). So as Peter mentioned
the bodge wire was used just to fix a broken PCB trace.
Pumping Up XGA-2?
From Helmut P. Einfalt:
From what I see it *is* the regular XGA-2 card. The memory modules
are Toshiba TC524256 (IC VRAM 524256 80 ns 256K*4). There exist some modules
with 256k (reportedly even 512k, and maybe meanwhile some 1024k ones too) that
are pin-compatible to the ones on the XGA-2, but I doubt that the card BIOS
will be able to handle them. The soldering job would be bad but feasible
-- physically it *might* be possible to boost the card to 2-4 MB (or even
beyond), but it would require a couple of experts to read out and patch the
card BIOS, and even then we'd still not have any drivers...
Last weekend when I was at Peter's place he told me that
at one point IBM obviously had thought of building the 4MB variety, but they
seem to have dropped the whole thing long before the first card was up and
But if anyone wants to have a go at the swapping the memory -- let
me know! I'm willing to test them...
2MB XGA2 Sightings?
> No, no and no again. There is no such thing as a 2MB XGA-2.
Jim swears on his 9595:
I know that's what people keep saying, but I have two folks here
in town who will _swear on their mother's grave that they have had one in their
physical possession. One person has been known to tell tales, but the other I
XGA-2 Revisions (from Peter)
So we have actually 3 different types:
- early, with heatsink atop the ceramic chip RAMDAC
- middle, with ceramic chip ("naked") RAMDAC and no heatsink
- late, with the IBM "BlueChip" RAMDAC.
Blue RAMDAC is P/N 89G2928, mfg-date 34th week 1994. Interesting
looking heat-spreader turned by 45°.
RAMDAC Version Capabilities
>If only the RAMDAC would actually run at its full spec that would
be possible. Unfortunately, at least with the XGA-2 in my 'E' (9533),
I am forced to run at 1024x768@70Hz (no 75Hz). 1024x768@70 is a 75MHz
dot clock, whereas 1024x768@75 is an 85MHz dot clock.
Peter Wendt suggests:
I've seen and described that effect earlier (*much* earlier)
with a XGA-2 using the "heatsinked" RAMDAC... but apparently my PS/2e ran
quite nice on the Eizo F35 at 1024 x 768 @ 75 Hz. Going above that will cause
"speckled" icons and litter the desktop when moving objects or open / close
It also seems as if the later "white board" RAMDAC and
the last "IBM blue glass" types were an improvement over the earlier versions.
Same effect can be seen on Mod. 9556 / 9557: the early RAMDAC has a round
"heatsink tower" glued atop - the later ones and all 486SLC3 haven't. The
later ones run much more stable.
Currently I have a "blue RAMDAC" XGA-2 in my turbo-95A. Run
OS/2 Warp at 1024 x 768 / 256 colors and 76 Hz. No negative side-effects.
Blank Screen Under W95 in MS-DOS Mode (from Peter)
A very common mishap is that: you click the "Start" bottom / left and select "End",
then select "Start MS-DOS" from Win95. Next you sit in front of a machine with
a totally blanked screen.
Is the machine dead ? No - it isn't. Toggling NumLock alters the state of
the NumLock LED, so the machine is still working. But the screen shows no prompt.
Reboot works too.
To resolve this you might blindly type mode co80 which returns a
screen with the DOS-prompt.
Now - agreed - this is only a very unsatisfying solution. You can do this
automatically. Create a DOSSTART.BAT in the C:/WINDOWS directory. It contains
only one line:
This file is started any time you leave Win95 to MS-DOS - all command lines
in this DOSSTART.BAT are executed when starting up the DOS. This is also
the place to put keyboard-drivers to. Or probably a scanner-driver or GUEST.EXE
for an IOMEGA ZIP-drive... everything you would normally start within
an AUTOEXEC.BAT when you have a DOS-only machine.
However: "Real Mode" device drivers like for a CD-ROM or scanner-drivers that
needs to be placed in the CONFIG.SYS cannot be put here. They will have to be
installed in the CONFIG.SYS too.
But careful: a too old driver may crash Win95 or force it to run in 16-bit
XGA-2 with 64K under Win95
Check out Unal Z's XGA206 and
XGA208 for real XGA-2 support.
Installing the XGA-2 on the 8595
For Type 4 complexes, you have the most recent ADFs for the XGA-2 already.
For older 90/95s, 55/56/57/70/80 systems you need the current XGA / XGA-2 option disk from IBM ftp and *boot* the
machine with it prior to install the card. Run "Update a Model 90/95 system
partition" to make sure you have the latest ADF, DGS files on the
Then install the XGA-2 physically. If you have an 8590 or 9590,
all of the connectors WILL NOT fit into the slot. You have a choice of Slot 2
or Slot 4. For more details, go HERE. For the 8595
/ 9595 systems, Slot #5 is the one you should use.
Next recommended step: If you are running DOS / Win 3.x or Win95 get the DOS / Win 3.x drivers Ver2.12. Run the Install from DOS
and install the DMQS monitor profiles first. This avoids some error messages
later on. Trust me. I'm not worried about DOS drivers, but if you are, install
the DOS drivers before you leave the Install program.
Note: Do NOT load the DOS Adapter Interface device
driver if you are using Windows. The DOS Adapter Interface drivers are not
supported in OS/2 to run XGA resolution in a DOS full-screen, or
Reboot after installing DMQS.
Now for an existing Win3.1x installation, go to the Windows directory (eg-
cd\windows) and run setup. Choose the video entry, go to Other, and type in the
path a:\winv31 and hit enter (though a soft press works as well). You may need
some of your Windows install disks. Be prepared!
After going into Windows, go to Main>Control Panel>XGA
Setup. Choose the monitor profile that comes the closest to fitting your
monitor. Display shows the Display attached. Advanced shows the resolution and
color depth of the display.
You can find a profile to monitor matrix HERE.
In Win95 you can force the display to use 75Hz refresh at 640 x 480 modes
with using the VESA-driver XVGARATE 75 NOWARN in the AUTOEXEC.BAT - usually
the XGA-2 comes out in 60Hz in that mode.
Unlike to the XGA-1 the XGA-2 is capable to identify the attached
display and set its defaults to corresponding values. For a "better than XGA"
monitor select the "14 Inch VESA" with 75Hz refresh in all modes - did that for
If you run OS/2 you will have to use "Change Installation" again
and select XGA-2 as primary video. After installation of the drivers you will
find a second page in the displays properties folder (right arrow at the bottom
of the page), where you can select monitor types, resolutions and refresh
Very friendly greetings from Peter in Germany
XVGARATE rate nowarn
This utility should be used if an XGA-2 subsystem is being used as the
primary VGA source in a system and a Multi-Scan type of display is
Most Multi-Scan type of displays respond as an IBM 8514 display when
interrogated by the XGA-2 subsystem Power-On Self Test (POST) program. As a
result the VGA video will be displayed at the '60Hz' refresh rates shown below
(the normal VGA rate for IBM 85xx displays).
However, if the attached display can accept one of the two alternative
faster video rates, this utility may be used to override the default rate.
WARNING: If this override is used in an AUTOEXEC.BAT or CONFIG.SYS, then care
must be taken to ensure that the parameters specified are suitable for the
attached display. Selecting the wrong video rate may result in VGA video not
being displayed correctly, or even (in some cases) damage to the display over
If the display cannot support a chosen rate, the system must be rebooted.
nowarn = NOWARN prevents the Y/N WARNING before execution.
|640 x 480
|720 x 350
|720 x 400
|640 x 480
|720 x 350
|720 x 400
|640 x 480
|720 x 350
|720 x 400
Features of XGA and XGA-2 Video Subsystems
XGA/XGA-2 use a 32-bit data bus for all system memory and I/O
addresses. The VGA subsystem uses either an 8-bit or 16-bit data bus.
With a 16-bit data bus, XGA uses a 512KB video display buffer,
with a 32 bit data bus it uses a 1MB video display buffer. With a 32-bit
data bus, XGA-2 uses a 1MB video display buffer.
132 Column Text
VGA provides for an 80 character per line text mode. XGA/XGA-2
supports 132 characters per line on any display that has a vertical refresh
rate of 46.8 Hz interlaced or 59 Hz non-interlaced.
XGA/XGA-2 support 1024x768 by 256 colors. This mode supports
real and virtual memory addressing and multiple adapters in one computer.
Also known as palette bypass mode. With 1MB of VRAM, the direct color
mode provides 640x480 with 64k colors. VGA is limited to 256 colors.
DOS AI makes the XGA/XGA-2 8514/A compatible at adapter interface level
Multiple XGA-2 Adapter
194-255 OPTIONS BY IBM: MULTIMEDIA PRODUCTS
Multiple XGA Display Device Driver PN 83G8292
You can install up to seven XGA-2 adapters in a MCA bus system
(limited by slot availability) or six if the XGA-2 is built into the planar.
When multiple adapters are used, they can do VGA or 132 column
text mode. However, VGA mode uses one set of addresses, and only one adapter
can use those addresses at a time. “Therefore, only one display at
a time can interact with the computer in the VGA mode or 132-column text
mode to change or refresh the image that it displays”.
Ed. What? What if all the adapters are in 132
column text mode?
Note: A company in the UK
called “Software 2000”
had a multiple XGA-2 driver called (wow!) MXGA.
Consists of the display controller, video display buffer, serializer,
palette, and the digital-to-analog convertor (DAC).
Consists of the PS/2 interface controller, memory and cathode-ray-tube
controller, and the video coprocessor.
This is the video interface to the microchannel bus. The controller
detects the bus width (16 or 32 bit) of the slot and prepares to transfer
data at that rate. It also acts as a busmaster that supports the video subsystem
and Cathode-Ray-Tube Controller
This supports all VGA functions. It allows the system microprocessor
to access the video display buffer, and it controls the serializer and DAC.
This is the key to the enhanced performance of the XGA-2 subsystem.
- Provides hardware drawing functions that can store
graphic data in both the video display buffer and system memory.
- Allows the video subsystem to become a 32-bit busmaster
that directly accesses system memory when in the extended graphics mode.
- Acts like a busmaster to other devices on the system
bus, such as another XGA-2 adapter, when in the extended graphics mode. It
can perform burst mode data transfers at up to 16.6MB per second.
- Updates memory independently of the system microprocessor,
which can then do other things while the coprocessor is drawing graphics.
- Supports virtual memory addressing.
- Rapidly suspends and resumes tasks (important in multiprocessing)
The buffer uses VRAM to store information that is being displayed.
VRAM allows data in the display buffer to be updated while the image on the
display is being refreshed.
1MB of VRAM provides faster performance in all video modes because
the data path into the video display buffer is 32 bits wide. With 512KB, the
data path is only 16 bits wide.
Digital-to-Analog Convertor, and Palette
The serializer and DAC convert the data in the video display buffer
to the imge you see on the screen.
The video data is stored in the video display buffer in 1-,
2-, 4-, 8-, or 16-bit units, known as pels. The number of bits per pel is
determined by the video mode that the computer is operating in. Each memory
location in the buffer holds one pel and corresponds to a specific location
on the screen. The binary value of each 1-, 2-, 4-, or 8-bit pel is used
as an index into the palette to determine the color that is to be displayed
at that location. If the computer is in the direct color mode, each pel is
16 bits, and it does not use the palette to determine the colors.
The serializer takes the data from the video display buffer and
converts it into a serial bit stream. If the pels are 1, 2, 4, or 8 bits,
the binary value of each pel corresponds to one of the 256 memory locations
in the palette. Each memory location contains 18 bits, divided into three
6-bit values that represent specific intensities of red, blue, and green.
In the direct color mode (palette bypass mode), each 16-bit pel is divided
into a 5-bit red intensity value, a 5-bit blue intensity value, and a 6-bit
green intensity value, for a total of 65,536 possible colors.
The DAC converts the digital color-intensity values to analog
values, which are more efficient than digital values for displaying the large
number of colors produced by high performance video. The DAC places the analog
values onto the display signal lines, and a colored dot is displayed on the
screen. Easy, right?
This determines where in the I/O address space the video registers
exist. Because you can install multiple XGA-2 controllers, the computer assigns
a unique I/O address and instance number to each video controller.
This determines the area of adapter ROM address space used by
the video coprocessor. The video coprocessor is used when the XGA video is
in the extended graphics mode. The coprocessor is not used when the XGA video
is in the VGA mode.
This area of memory (C0000 to DFFFF) is normally used for read-only
memory (ROM) on adapters and is commonly used by memory managers for expanded
memory or high-RAM support. A conflict might occur if both the memory manager
and the video coprocessor are using the same area of memory.
Many applications use the 1MB of VRAM to display high resolution,
multicolor images. The video function provided by most programs work within
64K blocks, which are paged or swapped in and out of the 1MB VRAM workspace.
Other programs, such as OS/2 multimedia extensions, require direct access
to the entire 1MB of VRAM to operate. (OS/2 ver 2).
The 1MB VRAM aperture is normally enabled, but will be disabled
if there isn't enough memory address space available for both system memory
and the 1MB VRAM aperture. For example, with 16MB of system memory installed,
the video aperture and system memory contend for control of the highest 2MB
of memory address space. Auto-config solves this by disabling the video aperture
and gives control of the upper 1MB to the system memory.
What about the
1MB Aperture in Setup?
The video-aperture can only set on systems with less than 16MB.
It was originally planned to enhance the video-performance on smaller systems
by addressing the video memory in a range below 16MB. Useless on 486-machines
and with more than 16Megs of RAM. (Editor's Note:
Set to DISABLED)
XGA-2 in 8590 / 9590
Problem: "The card does not fit any of the slots in my 8590. Oh well, better
luck next time."
Nope. The correct statement should have been "It does not fit *with all
parts* of the connector in the slot" - and this is totally correct.
Explanation: the XGA2 offers a BVE base video extension for those
machines that *do not have* a planar video system (like Mod. 77 Bermuda, Server
85 and all 95).
The Mod. 90 has no BVE-slot - only one AVE (auxiliary video
extension) which is intended for 8514A-style cards that are controlled over the
Base Video and / or capable to use the Base Video for Low-Res / Text modes and
/ or use a video-grabber on VGA.
So consequently the BVE-part on the XGA2 stays free when inserted
in any Mod. 90 slot - except Slot 3 that has AVE intended for 8514-cards to
which it does not physically fit (different position of rear part / different
keying). (Model 95 BVE Slot is Slot # 5)
XGA/XGA-2 ERROR Codes
If you get a message Error: Can not find file XGARING0.SYS upon bootup of
OS/2, you need to totally reinstall OS/2.
024318XX -- With the new revision of
the XGA-2 card (without a heat-sink on the processor chip), you may experience
a 024318xx error during the general function test of the XGA advanced diagnostics.
This is NOT a hardware failure, as indicated by the callout. There is
an incompatibility between the diagnostic program and the microcode on the
new processor chip on the XGA-2 card.
The solution is to download the new XGA-2 Option Diskette
from the BBS (XGA2ADP.EXE). This contains
the new version of the diagnostic for the XGA-2 card.
After updating IML, insure that you then backup the IML.
If the error shows up during post, or if there are problems
during the operation of the system, replace the XGA-2 card first.
Then if the problems persist, do the above procedure.
024374XX-- Copy an option has not successfully
completed. Copy XGA-2 Display Adapter/A option diskette to the backup
copy of the system programs/Reference Diskette; then run auto-configuration.
0243XXXX at POST-- Run Advanced Diagnostics
- Most likely will need to replace the XGA-2 Adapter/A.
The XGA-2 Display Adapter/A features an 8-bit digital-to-analog converters
(DACs), versus the 6-bit DACs used by XGA Display Adapter. With 8-bit DACs, the
XGA-2 Display Adapter/A now supports a palette of 16.7 million possible color
combinations of which 256 can be displayed at any one time. (the XGA Display
Adapter allows 256 of a possible 262,144 colors.) Similarly, the XGA-2 Display
Adapter/A provides 256 possible shades of grey, compared with XGA Display
Adapter's 64 shades.
ADF Sections AdapterId 8FDA "XGA-2 Display Adapter/A"
If (I_100ns_Stream_Data eq 1)
Begin Device 03h 02h 01h NoDMA
Video I/O Address
I/O (Input/Output) address range for the display ontroller
registers. This field also affects the location of the video coprocessor
registers. Each adapter you install must have a unique address range.
Normally, the address range does not need to be changed. You must fix
conflicts before you use the adapter.
6: 2160h - 216Fh">, 1: 2110h - 211Fh, 2: 2120h - 212Fh, 3:
2130h - 213Fh, 4: 2140h - 214Fh, 5: 2150h - 215Fh, 7: 2170h - 217Fh, 0: 2100h
1 MB VRAM Aperture Base Address
(set to DISABLED)
1 MB aperture from the PC into the video memory. If the aperture
has been disabled, it is because there wasn't enough available memory address
space for system memory and the aperture. If the aperture must be re-enabled,
use the 'Change Configuration' window to select a choice. If this method
is not successful, then remove the device that is competing for memory such
as a system Micro Channel adapter or system memory. Removal of system memory
may degrade the system performance. If the aperture has been allocated
an address range and it results in a reduction of usable system memory (with
Micro Channel memory adapter) then the aperture can be disabled. You must
fix conflicts before you use the adapter.
<"Address at 15 MB (F00000h)>,14,
13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, Disabled
Video Arbitration Level
Selects the arbitration level the adapter uses to transfer data.
You must fix conflicts before you use the adapter
level 13">, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 14, 7
Selects the Bus Arbitration Fairness. When Bus Arbitration
Fairness is set it controls whether the adapter will release control of the
bus when it has been using it exclusively. Normally, the field should
be set to <On>.
On">, Fairness Off
ADPItem 1 ROM Address Range
Address of the 8K block of memory
that is assigned to the adapter. Only one XGA or XGA-2 Display Adapter
will have the ROM assigned, and any other XGA or XGA-2 Adapter installed
will share that address range. You must fix conflicts before you use the